Nail Driven Into Coffin Of Privacy in Britain

The Digital Economy Bill could have been used, as it was originally intended, to have been a platform for a “more ambitious” country in delivering ultra-fast broadband and mobile networks, boosting digital skills and beefing up cyber security. Instead, the government have focused on age verification practices for porn websites (opening up serious fraud concerns), given themselves “inappropriate” and “unfettered” powers to share citizen data across the public sector, destroy any semblance of privacy laws and strangle free speech even further.

The Department for Work and Pensions now has the power to disclose social security information on a bulk basis to all local authorities, police and schools. Your data is being shared with dozens of government agencies with tens of thousands of public workers and an undisclosed number of private organisations being given access to it.

The government have been cavalier with our personal data, to such as extent that it now poses a greater threat to our own personal security than any other threat ever likely to happen to you.

A small example would be that identity theft jumped 57 percent just last year with around 150,000 seriously affected. In contrast, car theft fell to 69,547 units in the same year, its lowest level for 50 years. Technology is responsible for both changes of crime.
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Government collects massive amounts of data but agencies such as county councils and authorities have lost so much private and personal data it’s hard to fathom quite how they achieve such outstanding breaches of basic security. From the loss of personal data on every child in the country, including the national insurance numbers and bank account details of parents and carers claiming child benefit by the tax office to millions of personal records lost at the Dept for Work and Pensions. From names, addresses and bank details of company employees to visa applications lost by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office – the list is never-ending. In just one single incident the tax office HMRC lost the personal data of 25 million Britons, 40 percent of the entire population.

According to the National Audit Office, in 2014-15, there were 9,000 successful data breaches across government departments alone. Of all entities in this world, the government, any government, cannot be trusted with personal data, let alone everything known about you.

Although the government has denied it, there are fears that combining all this data between departments will lead to a single ID database – and that would be a total disaster for all of us. In fact the entire Bill has been branded “a disaster waiting to happen” by many advocates of privacy and security. But the reality is a single ID database has already been constructed. A rampantly out of control and largely ungoverned security service is operating in Britain in the guise of GCHQ and MI5. Millie Graham Wood, a legal officer at the campaign group Privacy International, said of orders imposed on internet and telephone communication companies that in report findings it was “a damning verdict of the government and intelligence agencies’ use of very vague powers as a justification of mass surveillance of innocent people”.

These combined databases have your entire life information stored; name, address, gender, sexual preferences, income, expenditure, tax records, friends, family, likes, dislikes, subscriptions, biometric data such as eye-colour, finger-prints, facial recognition maps, personal opinions along with health records and any breaches of the law such as parking fines, dog fouling etc. Millions have even been photographed naked. Thousands upon thousands of employees of local authorities and private companies have access to this information. This level of intrusion is a government wet dream and a hackers paradise.

Nowhere in the Digital Economy Bill is there a provision made for the online security of citizens. Perhaps government officials do not see this Bill as being the right vehicle. It does however cover access to broadband, its infrastructure, copyright protections, authorises the sharing of our personal data, regulation, responsibility of the BBC Trust and so forth but no real efforts to protect us from online crime or abuse.

As Metro reported ‘UK internet users will have to surrender sensitive personal details such as their date of birth, address, credit card details or mobile phone number to be able to look at any sexual material online – even content classifiable as 18 certificate. Forcing users to input personal data every time they want to watch porn ‘would create a massive record of the personal sexual tastes of millions of individuals, all connected to their legal name’. Approximately 70 percent of men and 30 percent of woman view porn websites on average 7.5 times per month. Only 16 percent of the population are under the age of sixteen – this is a huge database. PrivateInternetAccess has reported that “the government is planning to collect a list of porn viewers, then potentially share it with the (rest of) government.”

In another example of the failings of this Bill is protection against Copyright trolls. As OpenRightsGroup explains; Copyright trolls are legal firms that send letters to people who they – often incorrectly – suspect of unauthorised downloading of copyright works. The trolls threaten court action unless the individual pays a large sum of money to go away. It’s tantamount to extortion.” Bear with me – it gets worse!

The government is even allowing for a ten year prison sentence for copyright infringements. If copyright trolls can tell people they could go to prison for 10 years, it will frighten more people into payment whether they’ve done anything wrong or not.

The Bill criminalises even minor copyright infringement for no logical reason. The Government says they only want to increase the penalties for activities like running websites that help people download copyright works. But as OpenRightsGroup says “But that’s not what the proposed legislation says. The offence criminalises infringements where money hasn’t been paid or there is a “risk of loss” – which means nearly anything published online without permission could attract a jail sentence. It could be file-sharing, or even reusing a Disney character in a gif.”

The Government has now been told in Parliament twice that they risk helping copyright trolls and yet no amendment has been made. They have also been warned and ignored that this Bill is a further deterioration of the rights and liberties of the people.

Referring to the Bill, Renate Samson, the chief executive of Big Brother Watch, an organisation that scrutinises the government to protect individual privacy said “It’s horrid and it’s complex and it’s going to impact all of us.”

Under these new laws the government could force ISP’s (internet service providers) to block websites such as Reddit and according to PrivateInternetAccess, the UK government will soon have the power to block any sites they have issue with.

Suing websites for such minor infringements of copyright may well force TruePublica, and many more off the internet for fear of legal battles. Many will simply close down (as have many in Britain already) before being threatened in what can only be seen as the next step in the campaign to censor basic free speech.

The Digital Economy Bill, far from looking into the future and using technology to the advantage of the nation, along with many other laws that have come to being in the last few years, demonstrates a clear ambition of a paranoid government who is slowly but surely legislating Britain into authoritarianism.

For clarity, the description of authoritarianism is “the enforcement or advocacy of strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom” – is there something in that description you already recognise?

— source by Graham Vanbergen

Solar panels surpass coal-fired electricity

Solar panels generated more electricity than coal in the past six months in a historic year for getting energy from the sun in the UK, according to a new analysis. Research by the Carbon Brief website found that solar generated nearly 7,000 gigawatt hours of electricity between April and September, about 10 per cent more than the 6,300GwH produced by coal during the same period.

— source

UK Police Worked With Hackers To Access Activists’ Email Accounts

The police watchdog is investigating allegations that a secretive Scotland Yard unit used hackers to illegally access the private emails of hundreds of political campaigners and journalists. The allegations were made by an anonymous individual who says the unit worked with Indian police, who in turn used hackers to illegally obtain the passwords of the email accounts of the campaigners, and some reporters and press photographers.

— source

Britain as a tax haven? It already is

As Britain readies itself to trigger Article 50, it appears to have given up on seeking EU allies for the negotiations to come, threatening instead to turn itself into a full-blown tax haven. This is a worrying sign of the number of paddles with which Prime Minister Theresa May has equipped herself for the planned expedition up Brexit creek.

As many of those sitting across the table from the British prime minister know, turning the U.K. into a tax haven will cause more damage inside the country than it will across the Channel. Indeed, if the May government carries out its threat to be a bad neighbor, it is the remaining 27 EU countries that stand to benefit.

Tax havens share three broad characteristics: financial secrecy, which allows companies to hide their income and assets from those who might wish to tax them; loose tax rules and low tax rates, which provide incentives for companies to shift profits to the haven; and loose financial regulations, which provide mechanisms facilitating the laundering of funds.

By these measures, the U.K. is already well on its way to becoming a tax haven. Britain has long off-shored its secrecy to the Crown Dependencies and Overseas Territories, places like the Cayman Islands, Jersey and the Isle of Man, rinsing the funds of traces of their origins before they flow to the City of London. If this network of secrecy is considered as a single entity, it sits at the top of the Tax Justice Network’s financial secrecy index as the biggest threat to global financial transparency.

Similarly, when it comes to corporate taxes, successive U.K. governments have led the race to the bottom — seeking to turn the country into the most “tax competitive” major economy. This impetus has survived both government-funded and independent analyses demonstrating that the U.K. Treasury is a net loser from such policies.

Finally, the U.K. has long offered a deliberately soft touch on financial regulation. American authorities, for example, were dismayed, if not altogether surprised, to find that it was the London operations of a number of U.S. financial institutions that blew up during the financial crisis.

The European Union, by contrast, has led the way in the fight against tax havens. The EU’s savings directive set the global standard on automatic processes for exchanging banking information and took important steps in establishing public registers of the beneficial ownership of companies in its new anti-money laundering directive. State aid investigations spearheaded by the EU also challenge corporate tax abuses, as in the case of corporate giants such as Apple, Starbucks and Fiat.

The British government is correct to note that Brexit will provide the U.K. with greater liberty in its pursuit of becoming a tax haven. What it seems to have failed to take into account is that leaving the EU will also provide Brussels with more power in addressing that threat.

For example, British financial services companies will need so-called “passporting rights” if they are to operate on the Continent. The EU could make these conditional not only on meeting the bloc’s regulatory standards, but also on maintaining pace with its financial transparency rules. And with the U.K. absent in the legislation process, it is likely that these regulations will become more severe.

Similarly, the EU’s use of objectively verifiable criteria in blacklisting tax havens is likely to prove a potent antidote to British secrecy laws. And any pain the bloc would suffer from putting British financial services off limits would likely be small, when one takes into account the quick relocation of the financial sector’s jobs and taxable income from the U.K. to the Continent.

In the area of corporate profit-shifting, aggressive attempts by the Treasury to encourage corporations to shift their profits to the U.K. could provide the trigger for the EU to finally push through its Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base, a policy it has attempted to get off the ground for years, often in the face of opposition from the U.K.

This policy would ensure that the EU’s share of multinational enterprises’ taxable profits corresponds with the real economic activity taking place within the bloc. It would seriously hinder the U.K.’s attempts to slash corporate taxes to attract European business by removing EU corporations’ ability to move their income elsewhere.

If the U.K. carries out its threat to become a tax haven, it will condemn itself to major economic costs — and to significant political damage. A tax and regulatory race to the bottom would undercut public services, exacerbate inequality and depress long-term growth.

The threat may be empty when it comes to the EU, but it remains very real when it comes to British citizens.

— source By Alex Cobham